Chumash theologians comment on the Rigors of the World and the demons which plague mankind. Greed is a fundamental flaw in human nature which creates an opening for demons to enter.
This study explores Kitsepawit’s poetic aphorism that all life on this earth is a circle, an eddy within the Abyss. The encircled circle and encircled cross are featured in this commentary on Chumash cosmology.
In the theology of the Chumash Indians, Coyote and Morning Star compete with Eagle and the Sun to determine the fate of life on the surface of the earth.
A comparison of Mohave and Chumash Winter Solstice traditions with Christmas tales of contemporary California. Luisa Nutu and Triyere Kavasuk are the featured native narrators.